The capture of Bani Walid was a triumph for the government that replaced Gaddafi's regime, but the fact that it took a full year underlined the fractious nature of the country and the new regime's inability to impose its authority over squabbling tribes and heavily armed militias.
The victory could even spark new violence. The government-backed militia that led the charge came from the city of Misrata, a longtime rival of Bani Walid, and recriminations could result.
In the center of Bani Walid, some 140 kilometres southeast of Tripoli, fighters fired their weapons into the air in celebration. Columns of smoke billowed into the sky near the airport outside, where clashes were still ongoing, despite official statements that the government was in full control.
Shops were closed and the town was deserted. A power station was destroyed, the main hospital was not functioning and a doctor was among the wounded. Fighters opened fire on signs that carried the old name of Libya under Gaddafi.
Mohammed al-Taib, a commander of a pro-government militia called Libya Shield, told AP that his forces control the town center, but there were still some clashes going on.
Omar Boughdad, a commander from the Misrata militia, said his forces would remain in the town to keep Gaddafi loyalists out. "The loyalists have fled to the valleys, but we will clean up these places and we will not leave again," he said. Bani Walid is one of the last major pockets of support for the former regime, and disarming its militants has been one of the most daunting tasks facing the government.
"Bani Walid is under full control," the official LANA news agency quoted the spokesman of the pro-government militia, Mohammed al-Kandouz, as saying late yesterday. LANA said yesterday that 13,000 families were displaced by the fighting. Families fled by car, and workers walked several kilometres to escape the gunfire.
Bani Walid became a bastion of Gaddafi loyalists during and after the eight-month civil war that led to Gaddafi's capture and killing and the fall of his regime last year.
Interim President Mohammed El-Megarif expressed support for the offensive on Bani Walid in a speech aired on national TV. "This is not targeting a region, a tribe or unarmed civilians, but outlaws," he said. "This is to impose state legitimacy."
Bani Walid (Libya): Libya's government Wednesday took control of one of the last strongholds of deposed dictator Muammar Gaddafi's loyalists, the government claimed, after fierce battles that left dozens dead and thousands displaced.
First Published: Wednesday, October 24, 2012, 22:52